About Autism

Autism is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder. There is a wide range of abilities and labels within this spectrum including Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), Asperger Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS).

About 1 in 68 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) according to estimates from CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network. 

Children with autism have difficulty with social interaction and communication, and are prone to repetitive, obsessive behaviors that can be mild or severe. Parents are usually the first to question if something is wrong, as children with autism have difficulty making friends, maintaining a conversation, or interacting with other kids.

Repetitive movements such as rocking or head-banging are common, and many children with autism refer to themselves by name rather than saying, “I’ or “me.” Some children with autism are extremely sensitive to sound, touch, or other sensory stimulation; others have a reduced sensitivity to pain.

The symptoms and etiologies vary widely, making diagnosis complex and highly individualized.